The United States’ attrition rate for first-generation college students (FGCS) is 50% compared to 38.5% for their continuing-generation peers, and the attrition gap begins in freshman year. For the September through May 2016 academic year, 43% of U.S. FGCS freshmen failed to return for their sophomore year, compared to 28% of continuing-generation peers. The purpose of this quantitative study is to determine the relationship between psychosocial resilience as measured by the Resilience Scale (RS) and freshman-year Grade Point Average (GPA) for a sample of 108 FGCS attending four-year undergraduate colleges and universities in New Jersey. Psychosocial resilience theory served as the theoretical framework. The study employed a quantitative correlational design to address the relationship among psychosocial resilience, GPA, age, and ethnicity using multiple regression analysis. A significant positive relationship was found between psychosocial resilience and GPA for FGCS. This relationship persisted after controlling for age and ethnicity. A significant positive relationship was also found between psychosocial resilience and age. University administrators seeking to reduce undergraduate attrition rates for FGCS might consider interventions to build psychosocial resilience. Future research is needed to identify effective interventions to reduce FGCS attrition.
This paper investigates whether there is a link between a nation's response to covid-19 and their current/future economic position. It uses New Zealand and the United States as case studies, and has the initial position that, since New Zealand had a more effective response to covid-19 and was able to control the virus at an earlier stage, then they should be in a better economic position, not only currently, but for the future. This is based on the key Keynesian principles of uncertainty, confidence, and investment. However, even though New Zealand has eliminated the virus and been able to completely open the country, compared to the United States, which is still in a battle with covid-19, the current economic data does not support the initial thesis. This could be due to either the economic data yet reflecting New Zealand's success, or the key Keynesian principle of irrationality. A follow up study in the future will be required to tell whether the initial thesis is correct.
The relationship between personal liberty and social order affects every human being. Censorship is used as a mediator between personal thought and the greater social apparatus. “Where Ignorance is Bliss, tis Folly to be Wise” is a comprehensive look at Aldous Huxley’s classic novel, Brave New World, being challenged in various school systems in America since 1980. The paper aims to evaluate whether these challenges were consistent with court precedents involving First Amendment rights. Specifically, the paper attempts evaluate the legality of the challenges, and unbiasedly determine whether the challenges had any merit. The challenges that are looked at are Miller, Missouri in 1980; Corona-Norco, California in 1993; Folly, Alabama in 2000; and Seattle, Washington in 2010.