In 2014, Palestinians in Gaza tweeted protesters in Ferguson advice on how to deal with tear gas. These Tweets gained worldwide attention. Black Americans, living in democratic America, were being tear-gassed just like Palestinians living under military occupation. Studies have focused on the interaction between protesters and police, the agents shooting the tear gas. Some have paid particular attention to police brutality, while others have focused on the actions of protestors. This paper focuses on the increasingly militarized tactics and tools police utilize in Palestine and the United States to control and contain protests. Through a comparative lens, this paper explores the ways in which the violence that results from the use of so-called "non-lethal" tools reveals a colonial mindset and reality that continues to the present.
This thesis is meant to examine how Zimbabwe became an authoritarian nation. A
country is not predestined toward democracy or dictatorship. Rather, there are multiple complexities throughout a country’s history that need to be addressed in order to assess what led to the nation’s current state of affairs.
ZANU-PF is currently the ruling party of Zimbabwe and it has been since the country’s independence in 1980. Although the country is constitutionally democratic, Robert Mugabe ruled the country for nearly thirty years, only to be ousted in a military coup. Mugabe oversaw a number of questionable policy moves and guided the country through constitutional reform wherein he was able to secure more power. Fellow party member and former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa succeeded Mugabe. The political future of the country still remains unclear.