The United States has the highest maternal mortality rate in the developed world. Over 700 mothers die each year from pregnancy-related complications, 60% of which are preventable.
Numerous research studies support the increased integration of midwives in health care systems because it is key to producing optimal maternal-newborn outcomes. However, less than 10% of
births in the United States are attended by midwives, compared to 50-75% of births in other industrialized nations, all of which demonstrating substantially lower maternal mortality rates.
The practice of midwifery has been marginalized and delegitimized despite midwives producing similar or better outcomes than physicians with lower costs and less unnecessary medical
interventions. Another advantage of utilizing midwives is their ability to reach socially disadvantaged groups, such as non-Hispanic black women who suffer the greatest number of maternal deaths. The historic shift away from midwifery and to medicine in the 20th century has
been perpetuated by the fallacy that childbirth is a pathological process that only physicians are equipped to manage. This thesis focused on how women’s fears of childbirth and misperceptions of midwives have led to the normalcy of hospital, physician-attended births and may have
subsequently elevated maternal mortality rates.
Future projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report forecast an increase in anthropogenic atmospheric CO¬2 emissions, thereby exacerbating ocean acidification. Studies on CO2-induced acidification report evidence of its deleterious effect on behavioral alterations in marine fish species. One such disturbance affects behavioral lateralization, a function of brain asymmetry and a critical component to schooling performance. Though research has divulged the adverse behavioral effects of ocean acidification on stenohaline marine fishes, euryhaline models have not been explored to such extent. This study explored the combined effects of projected levels of pCO2 (~1300 ppm) and warming (+3.0oC) on behavioral lateralization in a euryhaline teleost, the adult Japanese ricefish (Oryzias latipes). After just five days of the treatment, CO2-treated fish exhibited significantly lower individual-level lateralization indices than that of fish in control CO2 (~300 ppm) and temperature, as well as no statistical difference to that of a random simulation. The implications are far-reaching even for highly efficient osmoregulatory fishes, in that coordination and schooling performance may be hampered at end-of-century conditions, thereby reducing fish population fitness.
The overall purpose of my thesis is to explain and highlight the importance of photographic storytelling. We are often influenced by what we see visually. Naturally it shapes us as human beings and our way of thinking. We often connect to things we can relate to as if we see ourselves becoming a part of the scenario or story given to us. By noting the impact photojournalism has had on the past generations, I want to show how important the visual perspective on certain events can shape our society. Lastly, seeing as how photojournalism has become a male-dominated society, I want to highlight the role of the women in photojournalism; how female photojournalists can add more of an emotional factor to photography.
In recent times, the small East Asian country of South Korea has exploded onto the global scene of being a recognizable force in an economic, political and cultural sense. The South Korean government in particular, is credited through its common financial backing of cultural programs and its push to constantly increase tourism to the country by enacting forms of soft power, which they believe to be the best choice for South Korea’s further development. Korean popular music is in fact, an encompassing genre of various music styles that all have some influence from Western music. This thesis explored whether or not the country of origin phenomenon has any relevance in attempting to explain whether K-Pop has any effect on the perception of South Korea using qualitative methodology by conducting in-depth interviews. My findings from my research include that K-Pop seems to contribute to a growing interest in other cultural aspects of South Korea, K-Pop appears to have made South Korea a preferred destination for tourists and that future research could be done to measure the relationship between K-Pop music and perception of its country of origin.
Music is an art form that has been around for centuries as a form of expression, ritual, tradition, and more. Now, it has transformed from art into a business. Today, the music industry
is a $43 billion industry according to Maeve McDermott (2018) in the news article, “The music industry is booming” (McDermott, 2018, para.1). With this industry comes an array of different
music styles and artistry. One of them being black music artists who have dominated the industry since the beginning of Motown and maybe even before then. Every year new black music
emerges such as Beyonce, Childish Gambino, Kanye West, Drake, Travis Scott, Sza, and many more.
This research study was conducted to look at the history of black music and artistry of today and compare it to the Black Arts Movement of the 1960’s and the Hip-Hip Revolution of the 1980’s and 1990’s. Along with this historical and cultural analysis was a survey, which was handed out to participants to see the result to how people responded to black music artists. In the end, the discovery of this research became much more than about music, because it
showed how we consume music as a society and what appeals to us. The survey and interviews conducted in this research have shown that different racial and ethnic groups such as whites,
blacks/African-American, Hispanic/Latinos, Asian/Asian-Americans, and others are listening to
black music artists with interest and at a high percentage. The results of the this study explores the appeal of black music artists to different audiences and shows the progression of black popularity to a wider audience.
This review examines the role probiotics can play in reducing and inhibiting the growth of biofilms that cause bacterial infections in humans. The use of probiotics as an inhibitory agent against biofilms is a new field of study that requires further research. As of now, there is little research or scientific literature to defend the health claims of several commercially sold probiotics. Also, biofilms are a fairly new field of study even though biofilms are the cause of most bacterial infections. Since biofilms have an increased antibiotic resistance, it has become increasingly more important to find alternative treatments for bacterial infections. However, there have been a couple of studies that have shown positive results for probiotics inhibiting the growth of different types of biofilms such as Lactobacillus acidophilus in patients with dental caries caused by the biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans. Specifically, the biosurfactant
of the probiotic was used to disrupt the biofilm. Another study was done on patients with Clostridium difficile infection who showed a decline in symptoms when treated with the probiotic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii as an additive to antibiotic treatments . While the oral health and gut health fields have started to utilize the benefits of probiotics, the effect of probiotics on the biofilms that cause infections for patients with medical devices has yet to be studied.
One of the struggles within conservation biology is to justify the field and its objective to preserve biodiversity. The two main camps arguing in support of conservation biology are intrinsic value theorists and utilitarians. The theoretical problems accompanying these schools of thought and the absence of a solid ethical foundation have called for a new environmental ethic. In this thesis, I propose environmental virtue-based ethics as a constructive alternative to the false dichotomy presented by traditional perspectives in conservation biology. I will demonstrate that because of its ability to account for human interests alongside the wider consideration for biodiversity, while simultaneously avoiding the problems characteristic of the dominating intrinsic and instrumental value theories, Environmental Virtue-based Ethics (EVE) is uniquely poised to justify the goals of conservation biology.
In Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, we can see both examples of foolish and nerdy characters who have taken their predominant personality traits to an excessive point. This excessiveness – in social frivolity, on one hand, and in book learning, on the other – is not only foolish but also a recipe for social outcasts. Pride and Prejudice explores the consequences of excessive behavior on both the foolish and the nerdy characters.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements
for a baccalaureate degree in Economics in cursu honorum
Dr. Fung, Associate Professor of Economics and Finance B.A.
The Honors Program, Saint Peter’s University