A booklet written for the students, alumni, and friends of Saint Peter's College. The first three chapters provide background material on the Jesuits, on their early work in the United States, and on the history of Jersey City. Chapter IV deals with the actual founding of St. Peter's and the beginning of classes in 1878. Chapter V provides some biographical information about the Jesuits who were connected with the college in these early years.
I. Prolog: Saint Peter's College -- The First Forty Years; II. The Closing of Saint Peter's College in 1918; III. The Reopening of Saint Peter's College in 1930; IV. Eplilog -- Brief survey of college highlights since its reopening
Contents: The Jesuit College of New Jersey, p. 2; Remembering Father Vic, p. 12; The Million Dollar Faculty, p.16; The College on the Hill, p. 18; A Night to Remember, p. 22. On the Inside: Father Degnan's Master Plan, p. 11; The Shanahan Hilton, p. 21; A Jesuit Tradition of Excellence, p. 28
Using paraprofessionals to meet the social, self-care, and instructional needs of special education students began in the 1960s. The roles, duties, and expectations for these paraprofessionals evolved over the subsequent fifty years. Special education paraprofessionals play an important role in the education of students with disabilities. Since the inclusion of students with disabilities in nationally mandated assessments, their utilization has increased (Brenton, 2010). The research literature has shown that these paraprofessionals have not received adequate training for, or supervision while, performing their responsibilities and duties. Findings from the literature also highlight that these individuals provide a disproportionate amount of instruction to students with disabilities when compared to certified educators. This study focused on the responsibilities, duties, and professional needs of special education paraprofessionals in kindergarten through sixth grades. Using a concurrent mixed methods design, it utilized a three-part survey and one-time interviews to inform recommendations for expanding data collection and creating a sustainable learning community for the specific sample analyzed during this study. The current study found that many of the responsibilities and duties of this sample of special education paraprofessionals are different from those revealed in previous research. According to their responses, they do not operate independently, and they spend a significant amount of time following the teachers’ lessons plans and working under the teachers’ direct supervision. This sample of professional development needs focused on duties and responsibilities that they would like to learn more about or perform better, including training in behavior management and one-on-one tutoring.
This study focuses on understanding the impact of voice on a student conduct administrator’s role and retention in that role at community colleges. By understanding the development of student services from the Colonial era to present day and providing background information about the different types of approaches utilized to address student conduct violations, this study builds the framework to understand the impact of voice on a student conduct administrator’s role and retention in that role at community colleges. The theoretical frameworks-exit, voice, loyalty, (Hirschman, 1970), use of the ProSocial Voice (Dyne, Ang, & Botero, 2003), and principles of effective retention (Tinto, 1987) provide the foundation for the use of a qualitative narrative approach to answer the research questions (1) what impact does the ability to use voice as a student conduct administrator have on the professional’s remaining in the position? (1a) what, if any, impact does the ability to facilitate change in the institution’s student conduct process influence the professional’s remaining in the position? (1b) what, if any, impact does a student conduct administrator’s ability to advocate for the use of an approach of their choosing to address conduct violations influence his or her remaining in the position? 12 60-90 minute interviews were conducted with current student conduct administrators that work at the community college institution. Chapter 1 informs the reader about the problem, chapter two provides a detailed literature review, chapter 3 outlines the methodology and sample while chapter four provides themes of the study and data analysis. The final chapter, chapter five, discusses the findings, and recommendations for policy, practice and future studies.
The demands of high-stakes testing, tenure reform, and teacher accountability have dominated the landscape of education for almost two decades. The expectations placed on public schools require leadership that supports and motivates teachers to perform at extremely high levels. Public schools therefore must fill their institutions with principals who possess a leadership style that can inspire and empower teachers to tackle these demands and set a clear vision for the future of their schools. Transformational leadership is a model of leadership that has been shown to elevate and motivate followers to perform beyond organizational expectations. The purpose of this study is to examine the common transformational leadership behaviors and methods of application utilized by public school principals. This study uses quantitative and qualitative methods of research separated into two stages. In the first stage, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Self (MLQ) was used to survey 66 public school principals in Monmouth County, New Jersey. The results of the survey were analyzed and used to develop a cohort of 10 principals to participate in the qualitative stage of the study. In this second stage, the cohort of 10 principals participated in face-to-face semi-structured interviews in order for the researcher to further examine their behaviors and methods of application. The data from the MLQ and the interviews revealed that transformational leadership exists in public schools in Monmouth County, New Jersey. The results from this study identified specific behaviors and methods of application that align with the four domains of transformational leadership. This study contributes to the existing research on transformational leadership and also provides current public school principals with information regarding behaviors that can be implemented to enhance their practices. Further research that builds upon the application of transformational leadership and its effect on variables such as school climate, teacher turnover, and student achievement would reveal the influence that transformational leadership has on other aspects of school leadership.
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. It is estimated that one of every five deaths annually in the United States is directly related to smoking, and that smoking is responsible for several different cancers as well as acute and chronic disease (Center for Disease Control, 2013a). Despite the years of anti-smoking campaigns and evidence supporting the catastrophic health and environmental effects of smoking, 41.2 million American adults make a personal choice to smoke cigarettes (United States Department of Human Health Services, 2014b). The choice to smoke cigarettes affects personal health and is a burden to individuals, families, the government, taxpayers, and innocent bystanders. In order to improve smoking cessation outcomes among adult patients, this scholarly project implemented a tobacco cessation program in a primary care/urgent care practice to proactively connect patients with evidence-based resources and treatment.
Financial crunching has created a vacuum in the mission of community colleges, with specific focus paid to completion rates and degree attainment of students from low economic settings. This constraint on a profound national level has imposed a general concern to the American society, and many of our community colleges have aligned with global affordable technology, worldwide demand for accessible high quality education, and ever-increasing revenue that calls for a strategic path to fundraising. In this study, resource dependence theory, highlights fundraising as a capacity-building management tool that leads educational leadership team down to varied ways of success. This theoretical framework was used for this study to explore the correlational impact prevailing between the strategies of fundraising, such as capital appropriation, endowment, charity gifts, and grants as independent variables and completion rates as dependent variables. As predictive research, this study is open to predicting the future status of the dependent or outcome variable on the basis of four attributes of the independent variable characterized as fundraising. The dependent variable of college completion rate is a key component of discussions about accountability in higher education, with a specific relationship in the 19 community colleges in New Jersey within four academic years. This strategic alternative resource is the most descriptive means of using fundraising to meet state workforce, educational, and economic goals, as well as essentially enhancing the diverse array of community colleges to achieve the most successful return on student completion rate, which is the sole concern of college presidents in New Jersey who have limited staffing and budgets for fundraising.
In 2010-2011, urban high schools across New Jersey reported suspension rates that ranged between 10 and 20%. This rate translated into increased dropout rates and low graduation rates. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influenced suspension rates, dropout rates and graduation rates of an urban New Jersey high school. More specifically, this study began as an inquiry into the effectiveness of the Student Youth Development (SYD) program, an alternative to an in-school and out-of-school suspension developed to help at-risk students to recognize and replace dysfunctional behavioral and academic decisions. An innovative practice, added to SYD in its fourth year, was assigning the student to write a reflective essay. The theoretical lens for this mixed-methods study was Duckworth’s concepts of grit and the value of self-control in the expression of learners who demonstrate grit (Duckworth, Gendler & Gross, 2014), The assumption that guided this study was that students who expressed self-control were more likely than those who did not to develop appropriate school behaviors and complete their courses for the year. Six coders, who were educators in the high school trained to recognize expressions of self-control, read 30 reflective essays written by at-risk students during the first semester of the 2015-2016 school year, examining them for themes of self-control. The student-authors’ self-control scores were then compared to their subsequent behavioral and academic performances. While the multiple comparisons found no statistically significant correlation between self-control themes and a student’s behavioral and academic outcomes, the patterns of students’ subsequent performances did show that participating in the SYD program yielded moderately significant positive outcomes with respect to the subsequent behavior records and academic performances of the at-risk students. In debriefings that followed the coding of the essays, staff members articulated the value of the concept of self-control for understanding and interacting with the at-risk students. Based upon these unanimous reports, the researcher recommends the following interventions: the implementation of emotional intelligence training for staff and students; opportunities for reflective writing in the History and English curriculum; and, the addition of a certified counselor to proactively assist students with emerging issues of character development.
According to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), 1.6% of Americans identify as gay or lesbian and 0.7% identify as bisexual (Somashekhar, 2014). Applying these statistics to the number of public school teachers in New Jersey indicates that of the more than 114,000 teachers, over 1,800 teachers would identify as gay or lesbian and almost 800 teachers would identify as bisexual (New Jersey Department of Education [NJDOE], 2016). The findings of this study provide insight to the school climate of LGBT teachers and offer guidance to boards of education, administration, and pre-service teacher training programs.
This study used qualitative research methods and was divided into two phases. The first phase of the study consisted of participants completing an online survey. Potential participants were notified of the survey through emails, social media, advertisements, flyers/posters, letters, and in-person requests. The survey was accessible to all current public school teachers in New Jersey. Participants were asked to answer questions pertaining to their school environment based
on homophobic remarks, harassment, school characteristics, and personal characteristics. The results of this survey were used to create a cohort faction of four teachers. Of the four teachers chosen to continue with the study, two scored the lowest on the survey, indicating a high prevalence of homophobic issues in their schools, and two scored the highest on the survey, indicating a low prevalence of homophobic issues in their schools. The second phase of the
study included face-to-face interviews in a semi-structured format. Participants answered open-ended questions. The purpose of the face-to-face interviews was to examine the indicators of school climate as well as the overall school climate for LGBT teachers.
The purpose of this project was to decrease of the rate of unnecessary antibiotic prescribing for pharyngitis by implementing an evidence-based training session for physicians in an outpatient pediatric setting. The PICOT question explored was, "For health providers treating children aged 4-15 presenting with sore throat, will the use of a power point training session presenting the rapid antigen detection test (RADT) with reflexive culture, combined with the ICE (ideas, concern and expectations) method, improve knowledge and reduce antibiotic prescribing compared to RADT alone in a 20 day period?" The provider study group consisted of four pediatricians and one family practice physician ranging from 32-72 years old. Their pre-test (34.63%) and post-test (53.75%) knowledge scores were significantly different (t = -2.3822, df = 6, p <0.05). A total of 125 cases were sampled, 64 pre-intervention and 61 post-intervention. Pearson’s Chi Square analysis revealed homogeneity between both the groups in age (X2 = 0.94, df = 1, p = 0.33), gender (X2 = 0.64, df = 1, p = 0.42), and ethnicity (X2 = 1.29, df = 2, p = 0.53) and a decrease in overall antibiotic prescribing rates from 40.6% (n = 26) to 27.9% (n = 17). Although this was not a significant statistical reduction (p = .13), further analysis using a binomial test revealed statistically different rates of success in the accuracy of diagnosis and associated antibiotic prescribing pre-intervention (79.7%) compared to 96.7% post-intervention (p = .00; 95% CI [88.7, 99.6]). Unnecessary antibiotic exposure was reduced by 17.2%. The most common ICE elements were thought of possible strep infection (39), viral or other infection (26), concern for pain (24), infecting other family members (14), fever (14), expectation to get better (32), test for strep (18), and pain relief (9). Only 2 of the 5 cases in the post-intervention group (n = 61) who expressed desire for antibiotics received them.
A Brief History of the Pavan
The literary magazine as it exists today was created in 1948 and has been published under its new title, the Pavan, every year since. The 1949-1952 edition of Saint Peter’s annual catalogue describes the Pavan as “a medium for the creative expression of the students and a means of stimulating student interest in literature and in the arts.”
Throughout the entirety of the Pavan’s duration, the magazine staff has been overseen by a university-appointed moderator.
Scope and Content
The contents of the Pavan have changed significantly since its conception. Early issues from the 1940s and 1950s published poetry as well as academic essays analyzing books, theater, and the social issues of the era. In the late 1960s, the Pavan staff shifted their focus to producing creative rather than academic content. Since then, the Pavan has featured poetry, short stories, essays, photography, illustrations, and digital art.
Studies have investigated student-faculty relations and its impact on children’s lives, repeatedly citing many benefits. With a lack of research on the high school level on how these relations affect academic self-perception, the purpose of this study was to examine first year college students’ interactions with faculty in high school and its impact on student academic self-ratings. Using data from the 2013 CIRP Freshman Survey that was given to thousands of first-time, full-time college freshmen across the nation, ANOVA results found significant differences between first year college students’ engagement in high school activities and influences involving educators and their academic self-ratings. The analysis indicates a positive relationship between increased amounts of activities or influences involving educators and student academic self-ratings. Furthermore, the analysis shows favorable results on how student academic self-ratings impact school performance, which provides support that besides increased student-faculty interaction impacting academic self-perception, it can indirectly have a positive impact on student performance. Educational leaders should further seek implementation of increased student-faculty interaction to benefit student confidence and performance.
This qualitative study explored the impact of virtual reality technologies on the educational setting of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), as perceived by participating directors of special services. The significant increase in the number of students being diagnosed with ASD affects school districts across the country. These districts struggle to meet the high level of needs for support and services required to ensure students an educational experience that maximizes learning. There are no fixed solutions for students with ASD. However, the expanding market of innovative technologies, including virtual reality technologies, may offer alternative supports in the educational experience of the learner, with claims to provide a particularly facilitatory environment for students with ASD. There is, however, a lack of substantive research examining how directors of special services, frequently one of the the lead decision-makers in determining programming and technology acquisitions for classified students, perceive this relatively new and innovative technology as a potentially effective intervention. Data were collected from eight semistructured interviews with participating directors of special services in both public and private K-12 schools in Monmouth County, New Jersey, as identified through the New Jersey Department of Education’s 2016-17 Directory of Directors/Supervisors of Pupil Personnel/Special Services. Data were analyzed to identify common themes among directors pertaining to the potential impact of virtual reality technologies on the educational experience of students with ASD. Attitudes toward teacher professional development to implement these technologies in the classroom setting were also examined. Data revealed important themes regarding the perceived potential of this intervention. These themes included the importance of life skills and social skills as a priori to academic competencies and the value of interactivity and experiential nature of technology. Data also revealed notablethemes regarding the effective facilitation of staff professional development for implementation of these technologies. Among these were fear and resistance to change, the importance of professional development structure, and the value of a culture of technology. This study contributes to the existing literature regarding best practices in technology integration for supporting students with special needs, particularly those with ASD. It attempts to provide district leaders with a better understanding of the ways in which virtual reality technologies can offer alternative educational supports that may have a positive impact on the academic competencies, life skills, and social skills of students with ASD. The study also provides a lens through which district leaders may better perceive barriers to staff professional development, and how a culture of technology may help mitigate these factors
The purpose of this research was to identify the role of the relationship between the school board and the school superintendent. This study was an effort to describe the role of relationship between the two stakeholders and what effect that relationship had on school climate and how their relationship impacted their ability to develop a strong working relationship. Additionally, this study looked at the relationship’s impact on a superintendent’s longevity in his/her position. After researching the current literature, a survey tool was developed to conduct a quantitative research study. These surveys were used to identify the stakeholders’ perspectives on their relationship. The population targeted for this study was retired and active school board members in the State of New Jersey and retired, interim and active school superintendents in the State of New Jersey. Three research questions were used in the design of this quantitative study. The survey instrument, that included closed ended questions, was sent to the identified superintendents and school board members via survey monkey and email. The findings from this study indicated that school board members and superintendents revealed that the majority of both stakeholders agreed that the relationship between the school board members and the superintendent has an impact on the school culture and climate. Communication, decision-making, common values, and trust were important attributes in a positive relationship that built a positive culture and climate. Furthermore respondents agreed that leadership style, communication skills and being able to maintain a positive school climate as important qualities for securing longevity for a superintendent.
Many elderly living with diabetes struggle to maintain their HgbA1C at the individualized levels that current guidelines recommend (ADA, 2012). Even adults living in long-term care facilities, where professional healthcare providers manage medication and where balanced meals are provided, struggle to maintain their HgbA1c levels. Pharmaceutical companies have developed newer products, such as basal insulin, to lower glucose levels and, therefore, HgbA1c. This project compared the efficacy of adding basal insulin, including Toujeo (Sanofi), which is a newly-available, long acting human insulin analog, to treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents in patients with Type II diabetes. This evidence-based project was a retrospective chart review of an initiative being implemented in a New Jersey LTC facility as a pilot study of a basal insulin algorithm to decrease adjusted hemoglobin A1c to <8.5%. The retrospective chart review was completed to determine if there would be significant improvement in glucose control for this population with the addition of basal insulin compared to glucose control in another New Jersey LTC facility using predominantly oral medication. Based on these findings, indication for widespread implementation to the remaining five sister facilities of Arista Care was determined.
Although proper nutrition has been found to be an essential factor in health maintenance and restoration in the critically ill patient, research has indicated that this population often falls victim to malnutrition while in the intensive care unit (ICU). Malnutrition has been associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and length of stay. Conversely, early initiation of nutritional support has been associated with reduced mortality and morbidity, decreased length of stay, lower rates of infection, and decreased time on mechanical ventilation. Enteral feeding protocols have been found to combat the risk of malnutrition in the critically ill, mechanically ventilated patient, with data suggesting that they may reduce time to feeding initiation, reduce interruptions, and reduce time to reaching goal feeding rates. The goal of this project was to develop an enteral feeding protocol for critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients in a local community hospital based on evidence collected and to measure the impact of this protocol on enteral feeding initiation, advancement to goal rate, and length of stay. While a reduction in time to enteral feeding initiation (p = 0.158) and decreased length of stay (p = 0.861) was found with the introduction of the protocol, the impact was not statistically significant. However, significant reduction in time to enteral feeding goal rate achievement was found (p = 0.004). Based on this data, in addition to research reviewed, it has been concluded that the use of enteral nutritional protocols should be standard in all ICUs in an attempt to improve outcomes and minimize complications among the critically ill, mechanically ventilated patient
A microhollow cathode based, direct-current, atmospheric pressure, (2%) cold plasma microjet was used to inactive antifungal resistants Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Candida glabrata in air and in water. Effective inactivation was achieved in 10 min in air and 1 min in water. Antifungal susceptibility tests showed drastic reduction of the minimum inhibitory concentration after plasma treatment. The inactivation was attributed to the reactive oxygen species generated in plasma or in water. Hydroxyl and singlet molecular oxygen radicals were detected in plasma-water system by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. This approach proposed a promising clinical dermatology therapy.
A direct‐current, cold‐atmospheric‐pressure air plasma microjet (PMJ) sustained in a quasi‐steady gas cavity in a liquid medium is used to inactivate Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) suspended in the liquid. The temperature and the pH value of the liquid change to steady‐state values of about 40 °C and 3.0–4.5, respectively, after 10 min of plasma treatment. The decrease in the pH is attributed to the reaction of NOx produced in the air plasma with water at the gas–liquid interface. The concentrations of NO and NO are measured to be 37 mg · L−1 and 21 mg · L−1, respectively, after a 20 min of plasma treatment. Effective inactivation of S. aureus is found to start after the pH values decreases to about 4.5. This is attributed to the high oxidizing potential of the perhydroxyl radical (HOO•) on the fatty acid in the cell membranes of the microorganisms in the liquid.
Complete sterilization of an infected root canal is an important challenge in endodontic treatment. Traditional methods often cannot achieve high-efficiency sterilization because of the complexity of the root canal system. The objective of the study was to investigate in vitro the feasibility of using a cold plasma treatment of a root canal infected with Enterococcus faecalis biofilms.
Seventy single-root teeth infected with E. faecalis biofilms were divided into 7 groups. Group 1 served as the negative control group (no treatment), and group 7 was the positive control group with teeth treated with calcium hydroxide intracanal medication for 7 days. Groups 2 to 6 included teeth treated by cold plasma for 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 minutes, respectively. The disinfection of the E. faecalis biofilm was evaluated by colony-forming unit (CFU) counting. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the structural …
Living on the margins of citizenship can be very detrimental to a person’s well being. There are some undocumented young adults that appear to be moving in an upward trajectory in their lives due to access to educational opportunities, activist work and the ability to work legally. Most would think that because of these achievements the well being of these undocumented individuals would improve but we see that because of pre and post migration traumas, some vulnerabilities resurface that affect the well being of these individuals. We interviewed 23 undocumented people where asked about migration experiences, family life, schooling, work, health, an adapted CES-D measure of demoralization, and their social network. From our respondents we were able to see those who seemed to be rebuilding capital through new relationships, opportunities and activism, but despite this they were still in a state of incomplete liminality where their vulnerabilities could resurface. We believe these struggles to be long-term outcome of stressors associated with being undocumented. Access to mental health services for undocumented people can be a complex situation, which further exacerbates their plight. Even though some undocumented young adults appear to be improving in their situation, liminality still persists. This is important to consider at a time when many may falsely feeling that progress has been made.