Within the Gothic novels The Castle of Otranto, Dracula, The Turn of the Screw, and Rebecca, women's level of independence and morality had no connection to the social class they belonged to. However, the views of identity and sexuality are direct reflections of the social class to which each woman belonged.
Current legislation is inefficient for caring for the needs of individuals with disabilities, especially those with food allergies. Despite the fact that there are additional laws put in place since 2018, America is behind other countries including those in the European Union (E.U.) when it comes to identifying the major allergens that the general
population face. While America recognizes 9 major allergens, the E.U. incorporates 14 in
its ingredient labeling acts. Additionally, with the rise of internet food orders, the E.U. has implemented a system where food delivery professionals would state the allergens in the foods to the customer. (Yiannas, 2022) Also, the E.U. prompts for prominently displayed articles to be present in online menus where patrons may choose their food option. America does not adhere to either of these conditions when vending food to its customers on online platforms. (Bannister, 2022) Despite the annexation of recent laws, it is not adequate to accommodate the needs of persons with food allergies as hundreds die yearly from food allergy-triggered anaphylaxis. In fact, with the addition of these laws, restaurants possess an even greater duty of care now that they have possession of informational flyers in their staff and customer forum. Therefore, restaurants need to accommodate the needs of persons with food allergies within reason and they need to inform individuals about food allergens that they would not in ordinary circumstances know about. Restaurants bear this heightened
duty of care to not cause harm to their invitees and under the Americans with Disabilities Act, the responsibility to properly accommodate reasonably for their customers’ food allergies. In this paper, I hope to identify the current legislation and highlight both areas where improvement can and should be addressed.
The objective for this research is to build a future policy that will improve help given to domestic violence victims. It is to look at the different problems both before and during the pandemic and figure out what changes can be made to better protect and aid the victims. By interviewing non-profit organizations and an EMT, we get a better idea of the challenges that advocates face before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. The results show an increase in cases
and demand for services when the pandemic started, with many organizations put on hold or transitioning to online services.
Analysis, of model plant Arabidopsis thaliana root growth and guard cell aperture in stressful environment conditions is a beneficial way to understand overall plant growth and development. We examined the effects of scaffold protein RACK1 on small RNAs miR393 and its regulation of A. thaliana primary roots, lateral roots, and guard cells as the plant was exposed to sodium
chloride (NaCl). Our results on individual mutant analysis support the hypothesis that genetic loss of RACK1A causes regulation of miR393 as A. thaliana primary root length, lateral root number, and guard cell aperture all point to the plant being more sensitive to NaCl stress. We propose a theoretical method of creating double and triple mutants, using a more efficient way to produce mutants in plants using the CRISPR/Cas9 system and bioinformatics. With double mutants, we seek to further confirm that RACK1s regulation of miR393 affects plant growth and development by modulating root growth and guard cell aperture.
Micromanagers and general micromanagement have been feared and hated by the global workforce since these terms were coined and later popularized. The detriment of micromanagers and their behavior in the workplace to the collective productivity of the team(s) they manage and the company they work for have been observed by workers for several decades. However, despite the negativity that sufferers of micromanagement have attributed to their previous managers’ management styles, their methods are still capable of great results, but only when they are executed properly. To discover if a top-to-bottom innovative style of micromanagement is viable in a work environment befitting this kind of management, the idea of a positive micromanager, or a micro-monitor, is defined, explained, and applied by all the relevant psychological theories, the main one being positive psychology.
Even with modern medical discoveries and advances, few effective means exist to combat antibiotic resistance in the clinical setting, and as such treating infections due to pathogens that exhibit it continues to be a formidable challenge for doctors and medical practitioners. Often, it is
found that antibiotic-resistant bacterial species have within their arsenals the ability to form what are called biofilms. Biofilms are communal, surface-associated assemblages of bacterial cells encased in polysaccharide matrix. Bacterial cells that live within such protective communities are usually more resistant to the effects of antimicrobial agents––like antibiotics––than planktonic (i.e., free-living) bacterial cells, often resulting in elevated levels of virulence and pathogenicity. Therefore, it stands to reason that novel treatments that specifically target the growth of bacterial
biofilms would be greatly beneficial in the fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria (colloquially called “superbugs”). This study in particular investigates whether supplemental lycopene has an inhibitory effect on the growth of Pseudomonas fluorescens biofilms and whether this inhibition
can be synergistically enhanced when used with the broad-spectrum antibiotic, chlortetracycline. Previous studies have established the anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties of lycopene (which is a red-colored carotenoid and antioxidant), but have not investigated its antimicrobial properties in much detail. Obtained results using a standard crystal violet (CV) biofilm assay do suggest that biofilm inhibition increases with increasing supplemental lycopene
concentration, and that biofilm inhibition is more substantial when supplemental lycopene is allowed to exert its effects in conjunction with antibiotics like chlortetracycline. Studies involving similar assays are ongoing to corroborate the reproducibility and validity of the obtained results.
Caffeine is a stimulant often consumed in the form of coffee. Despite its widespread use the effects of caffeine and coffee, especially on early development, are poorly understood. The research aims to study the effects of 5 ug/ml and 10 ug/ml caffeine, 0.01% coffee, and 0.01% decaffeinated coffee on neurulation and brain development in Xenopus laevis (clawed frog). The goal is to determine if caffeine and coffee are teratogenic agents for Xenopus laevis. Furthermore, the research looks at the potential teratogenic effects of decaffeinated coffee as there are few studies done in this area. Xenopus laevis embryos were incubated in four experimental solutions and a control of aged tap water. Development was observed using a stereo microscope, and pictures were taken of the different stages. It was noted that 10 ug/ml caffeine and 0.01% coffee solutions induced the same malformations and mortality in the specimens, while the 0.01% decaffeinated coffee solution induced several malformations not observed in any other group.
In 2017, President Donald Trump and Republicans in Congress successfully enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This legislation slated the federal corporate tax rate to be reduced from 35 percent to 21 percent in addition to having some investments qualifying for immediate deduction as an expense (Auerbach 1). In passing this act, the White House Council of Economic Advisers predicted that reducing the corporate tax rate to 21 percent would lead to an increase in
wages and it would “increase average household income in the United States by, very conservatively, $4,000 annually. … Moreover, the broad range of results in the literature suggests
that over a decade, this effect could be much larger” (1). Some conservatives, such as Trump and the Republicans in Congress in 2017, have long argued that corporate tax rate cuts substantially benefit the economy by increasing investment, wages, and employment. On the other hand,
opposers of corporate tax rate cuts have made the argument that these supposed benefits are not the reality of this economic policy and that what happens instead is corporations keep the money they save from these tax rate cuts, and wages and investment are not benefited in any sort of way (Hendricks 1). With my honors thesis, I will examine corporate tax rate cuts and their effects on investment and wages specifically. I will examine whether or not the benefits that Republicans and Donald Trump emphasized of increased investments and wages as a result of corporate tax rate reductions are true.
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people from all walks of life in various ways, and it has affected the way we consume media. Some spent more time on social media, others played more video games, but many sought refuge in streaming services and the content they offered. Analyzing this aspect of the pandemic has been done before through various surveys on a much larger scale, and analyzing it is particularly important because it shows how people’s habits changed since the pandemic began. This study is aimed to compare and contrast the streaming habits of people before and since the pandemic began. To achieve this, students at Saint Peter’s University in Jersey City, NJ were surveyed about their streaming habits before and after the pandemic began, as well as a wide variety of people via social media. Previous research suggests that people around the world spent more time on streaming services, as well as on the internet in general. The results of this study suggest the same, with a large focus on college students, but including adults as old as 75 years old. This study showed that since the pandemic began, there was an increase in time spent on streaming services, and the amount of streaming services that people used.
The purpose of this honors thesis is to serve as a call to research and action of both experts and current and future mathematics educators. Mathematics is a complicated, abstract, and beautiful field. Math is used in everyday life, whether or not it is recognized. However, the thought of partaking in any activity involving mathematics can cause stress and anxiety. Sometimes, this occurs in the classroom, but may also happen in everyday activities. Examples include calculating a tip or calculating interest on a loan. This phenomenon has been identified as Math Anxiety. Research has been done for many years to understand this complex concept, including its causes and effects on students and adults; however, there is so much that remains unknown. This study reviews the current literature on math anxiety in the classroom, both at the K-12 and undergraduate levels, to recognize the importance of identifying math anxiety. This research will come to form a tentative action plan for educators to help alleviate math anxiety for both their students and themselves.
We study dynamical quantum phase transitions in a two-qubit system interacting with a transverse field and a quantized bosonic environment in the context of open quantum systems. By applying the stochastic Schrödinger equation approach, the model with a spin-boson type of coupling can be solved numerically. It is
observed that the dynamics of the rate function of the Loschmidt echo in a two-qubit system within a finite size of Hilbert space exhibit nonanalyticity when the direction of the transverse field coupled to the system is under a sudden quench. Moreover, we demonstrate that the memory time of the environment and the coupling strength between the system and the transverse field can jointly impact the dynamics of the rate function. We also supply a semi-classical explanation to bridge the dynamical quantum phase transitions in many-body systems and the non-Markovian dynamics of open quantum systems.
We try to extend the discussion of dynamical quantum phase transitions for a general spin scheme. The Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model is considered in studying critical dynamics and entanglement in a non-Markovian context.
Since the spring of 2020, there has been a massive cultural shift in the American political atmosphere. Many of the underlying political tensions that have been ignored have suddenly come to the forefront of American politics. Along with more mobilization of left-wing political factions, there has been a staggering rise in right-wing movements. The COVID-19 pandemic has in many ways brought to attention some of the severe inequalities our current system produces as well as its fragile state of it. The pandemic has stifled years of economic growth since the Great Recession, leading to millions losing their jobs. The pandemic itself has put a massive strain on our healthcare system and has led to hundreds of thousands of Americans dead, and many more with chronic side effects. All of us in some way have been affected by the pandemic, whether it be socially, economically, physically, or mentally. In times of societal struggle and strife, however, there are political factions that thrive on this mass anxiety and aim
to use that in order to garner support for their cause. Such groups are typically aligned with right-wing extremism and white supremacy. What this paper aims to do is examine how white supremacists and right-wing extremists have adapted their propaganda and recruitment tactics to COVID-19 and took advantage of the mass anxiety that came as a result.
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic led to the suspension of in-person classes across the globe. As a result, the nursing schools in the United States altered their method of instruction from face-to-face to remote learning, including the in-person clinical rotations and NCLEX-RN preparation for the graduating nursing students.
Objective: This qualitative research study explores the lived experience of the registered nurses who prepared for their NCLEX-RN and transitioned into professional nursing practice during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Research and Methods: The researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with seven registered nurses privately through phone calls, Google Meet, or Zoom meetings through the snowball technique. In addition, the researcher used ATLAS.ti to analyze all interview transcripts.
Results: Three major themes emerged from this study: concerns regarding social isolation, lack of hands-on experience, and difficult transition to hospital practice. the researcher gathered mixed responses regarding their preparation for the NCLEX-RN, with three of them arguing that remote learning had a negative impact, three discussing otherwise, and one having mixed feelings. Five out of seven participants explicitly stated their problems regarding social isolation due to lack of interaction. In addition, they all expressed their dissatisfaction with the lack of hands-on experience since the clinical rotations were suspended. Lastly, five out of seven participants explained having difficulty transitioning to hospital practice. Additional concerns were directed toward anxiety and lack of confidence, resulting from their perceptions and experiences.
Conclusion: The consensus from this research study is that the participants' negative lived experience outweighed the positive ones, which inevitably led to feelings of doubt, frustration, loneliness, and uncertainty. Further research is necessary to understand the full-scale impact of the pandemic, especially in the field of nursing and nursing education.
Food is essential to life, the foundation of our existence, and necessary for all organisms. Food and its systems of production, availability, supply, and demand play a critical role in the development, expansion, and detriment of human civilizations. While the globalization of food systems has fostered a greater variety and availability of food, its accessibility is by no means universal. In acknowledging the disconnect relating to economies of the Global North and Global South, everyone did not reap the benefits of globalizing food. The current global food system is unsustainable in all measures: socially, environmentally, and economically, as it is a primary driver of biodiversity loss, accounts for nearly one-third of greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) (Benton, et. al, 2021), and contributes to the food waste-hunger paradox as the world produces enough food to feed every people globally simultaneously, while 811 million people remain chronically undernourished (FAO, n.d.). Additionally, as society grows more concerned about the Earth's wellbeing, further amplified by the circumstances of the current climate crisis and the lasting impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, resiliency for our global food systems becomes increasingly prevalent to transform our current food system to become part of the solution. I will be conducting my research through the perspective lens of grocery store leaders, supply chain managers, and other experts on these specific topics and providing a thorough literature review of scholarly articles and journals that explore this concept beyond my capacity and provide appropriate applications of these sustainable initiatives and how they would manifest in transforming our current global food system. These models and concepts of a closed-loop, circular economic system in our food supply chain can be recognized as an urgent and important complement to food waste mitigation and regenerative processes that aid in our Earth's recovery from the impacts of global climate change.