Middle School or PK-8: The Impact of Grade-Span Configuration on Student Achievement and Attendance

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  • Districts throughout the nation are faced with making the decision to organize their school systems in a traditional or nontraditional manner. While some districts opt for the traditional neighborhood or community schools consisting of pre-kindergarten (PK) or kindergarten (K) through eighth grade, others choose to organize students in Grades 5 through 8 into middle school. The purpose of this study was to examine grade-span configuration as it relates to student achievement and attendance by comparing achievement scores and attendance rates for two school districts in the state of New Jersey. The selected districts were chosen due to their demographic similarities. District A houses students in Grades 7 and 8 in the PK–8 school building setting, while District B houses its seventh and eighth grade students in a middle school setting.
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  • 04/16/2024
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