Peacock Scholarship

Investigating Occupational Therapy Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability highlighted by a series of diagnostic criteria including social communication and social interaction deficiency, and the presence of repetitive behavioral and interest patterns that have the potential of continuing throughout life. Although autism spectrum disorder has always been on the radar of health professionals everywhere, it has garnered much attention and prevalence over the past few decades. There is no known cure for autism spectrum disorder at this time, and it is not clearly known as to why the number of children affected by it continues to rise exponentially. Over the years, research surrounding treatment for those with autism spectrum disorder has revolutionized, bringing to light new therapy treatment techniques, focusing on sensory-motor adaptation, balance, nutrition, and sensory integration. Occupational therapists help children individually with autism spectrum disorder in school settings, in clinical settings, and even in home settings. However, an occupational therapist is just one title on a list of health professionals who work together to improve the lives of those with autism spectrum disorder and their families By working with a team of well-equipped doctors, occupational therapists, educational psychologists, clinical psychologists, and other qualified professionals, the person with autism spectrum disorder is set up for a lifetime of growth and success, despite the challenges ASD brings. The purpose of this research is to explore the treatment options for autism spectrum disorder in children, evaluating what works best across each age group. In order to complete this thesis, a plethora of literature surrounding the realm of occupational therapy treatment as well as autism spectrum disorder was studied, and interviews with professionals were conducted. Once all the information had been collected, conclusions were drawn and comparisons were made.

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  • 06/09/2020
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